This project developed from a meeting on July 21, 2002 between Yuzhuo Zhang (then President of the China Shenhua Coal Liquefaction Company Ltd. [CSCLCL]) and Jerald J. Fletcher and Qingyun Sun of West Virginia University (WVU). At that meeting Dr. Zhang expressed an interest in developing a better understanding of the environmental and economic consequences of implementing a coal liquefaction plant in Inner Mongolia, China using direct liquefaction technologies.  Many of the technologies incorporated into the plant design were developed in the United States with DOE support. To develop a better understanding of the potential for WVU cooperation, Dr. Zhang visited the WVU campus on October 24, 2002 and presented a seminar on the current CSCLCL plans and the potential for future cooperation. Discussions with Shenhua representatives continued. Based on mutual WVU and CSCLCL interests, a memorandum of understanding (MOU) was signed in December 2003 to promote joint research on the economic and environmental impacts of coal liquefaction in China and to encourage technical collaboration on coal and energy projects between WVU and CSCLCL. This MOU provided the basis for the current project and a pathway to develop programs as part of Annex II under The Protocol for Cooperation in the Field of Fossil Energy Technology Development and Utilization Between the Department of Energy of the United State of America and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of the People’s Republic of China (US-China Fossil Energy Protocol). The specific issues addressed under the MOU were in line with WVU capabilities in economic analysis and environmental assessment. The activities met CSCLCL concerns related to the economic and environmental consequences that the operation of such a facility could have on the region.

Chinese Delegates and WVU Leaders

  Pursuant to these discussions and shared goals, this project was awarded in 2006 to better understand the development and implementation of DCL and related clean coal technologies in the People’s Republic of China through joint research efforts with the China Shenhua Coal Liquefaction Co. Ltd, and to support CCS and DCL research efforts at West Virginia University.




Dr. Jerry Fletcher, Principle Investigator Drs. Qingyun Sun, Tim Carr, Dengliang Gao, Richard Bajura